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西安農機總站“四個(gè)強化”推進(jìn)小麥機收減損工作

2024-07-01 08:54:26 來(lái)源:陜西省農業(yè)機械化發(fā)展中心 閱讀量:12615 評論

導讀:陜西省西安市農機總站牢固樹(shù)立“減損就是增產(chǎn)、降耗就是增收”的理念,以“四個(gè)強化”舉措抓減損,推動(dòng)小麥機收減損工作在我市落地見(jiàn)效。

  【農機網(wǎng) 地方農機】 為認真貫徹落實(shí)習近平總書(shū)記關(guān)于減少糧食損耗浪費的重要指示精神,全面落實(shí)中、省、市保障國家糧食安全的決策部署,陜西省西安市農機總站牢固樹(shù)立“減損就是增產(chǎn)、降耗就是增收”的理念,以“四個(gè)強化”舉措抓減損,推動(dòng)小麥機收減損工作在我市落地見(jiàn)效。
 
  一是強化部署,形成抓減損的合力。5月28日,西安市農機總站下發(fā)了《關(guān)于扎實(shí)抓好糧油作物機收減損工作的通知》,對全市機收減損工作進(jìn)行總體安排部署,在臨潼、鄠邑、長(cháng)安等7個(gè)糧食主產(chǎn)區縣,選取農機專(zhuān)業(yè)合作社和村組,設立60個(gè)小麥機收減損監測點(diǎn),對機收減損效果進(jìn)行示范帶動(dòng)、監測評估。號召各區縣將小麥機收損失率力爭控制在全國平均水平1%以?xún)?,在不影響正常生產(chǎn)的情況下,因地制宜開(kāi)展機收減損大比武活動(dòng)。
 
  二是強化宣傳,營(yíng)造抓減損的氛圍。通過(guò)在農村主要路口懸掛橫幅、在集鎮發(fā)放“明白紙”等形式,廣泛開(kāi)展宣傳引導,形成農民群眾、農機手關(guān)注和重視減損收獲的好氛圍;舉辦培訓會(huì )、制作技術(shù)手冊、邀請西農專(zhuān)家講解、制作技術(shù)短視頻、云課堂等多種形式,培訓農機干部、農機手和農民群眾;結合農機檢驗進(jìn)行面對面宣傳,制作機收減損標語(yǔ)和技術(shù)宣傳貼,張貼到收割機駕駛室,讓農機手“眼前有提示、手上有規范”。5月31日,在鄠邑區舉辦了全市機收減損大比武活動(dòng),引導廣大農機手按照標準作業(yè),全面推廣小麥機收減損技術(shù),在生產(chǎn)實(shí)踐中精操作、比技能、展風(fēng)采、作貢獻,又好又快完成小麥機收任務(wù)。
 
  三是強化指導,硬起抓減損的措施。加強與氣象部門(mén)協(xié)作,及時(shí)向農戶(hù)、機手發(fā)送氣象信息,調動(dòng)技術(shù)人員指導到村,幫助農戶(hù)科學(xué)確定適時(shí)收獲時(shí)間;支持合作社在夏播時(shí)平整地塊,消除田埂,推動(dòng)連片種植,方便機收作業(yè);全面推行試割作業(yè),要求農機手在收割中根據地塊、長(cháng)勢、倒伏等情況及時(shí)調整操作參數,按《機收減損技術(shù)指導意見(jiàn)》要求規范作業(yè);在收割機檢修保養中,要求對涉及機收損失的割臺、滾筒等關(guān)鍵部件按標準進(jìn)行檢查、調試,確保機具以良好的技術(shù)狀態(tài)投入作業(yè);農機專(zhuān)業(yè)合作社推行代耕代種服務(wù),在同一區域盡可能統一品種、統一播種方式、統一管理、統一收獲,以標準化機收作業(yè)降損失。
 
  四是強化服務(wù),形成抓減損的機制。市、區(縣)農機站成立機收減損技術(shù)小組,市包縣、縣包鎮,深入作業(yè)一線(xiàn),指導農機手調整收割機輸送、脫粒、清選等涉及減損的關(guān)鍵參數,規范操作;專(zhuān)技人員深入田間地頭,對留茬高度、作業(yè)速度、拋撒損失等進(jìn)行巡回檢查,對貪快求利、不規范作業(yè)的農機手進(jìn)行批評教育和提醒,同時(shí),告知農戶(hù)要與農機手約定質(zhì)量標準,倒逼農機手提高作業(yè)質(zhì)量;市、區縣兩級農機專(zhuān)業(yè)技術(shù)人員組成技術(shù)服務(wù)小組,對全市60個(gè)監測點(diǎn)的小麥機收損失率進(jìn)行了測定,平均損失率為0.705%,低于全國平均水平。
 
  下一步,全市農機部門(mén)將從協(xié)調推動(dòng)、宣傳發(fā)動(dòng)、技術(shù)培訓、機具檢修、服務(wù)保障等方面入手,全方位抓好糧油作物機收減損工作,全力保障糧食安全。
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