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巴彥淖爾市:DB 1508/T 152—2024《玉米品字型播種北斗導航機械化作業(yè)技術(shù)規程》

2024-06-19 14:03:17 來(lái)源:農機網(wǎng)整理發(fā)布 閱讀量:32679 評論

導讀:規定了玉米品字型播種北斗導航機械化作業(yè)技術(shù)的術(shù)語(yǔ)和定義、作業(yè)前準備、操作要求、作業(yè)質(zhì)量、安全注意事項和機具保養與存放。適用于玉米北斗導航品字型播種機械操作。

  【農機網(wǎng) 政策與標準】2024年3月13日,巴彥淖爾市市場(chǎng)監督管理局批準發(fā)布DB 1508/T 152—2024《玉米品字型播種北斗導航機械化作業(yè)技術(shù)規程》,該地方標準自2024年4月13日起實(shí)施。

 (圖片來(lái)源:千圖網(wǎng))
 

  該標準由巴彥淖爾市現代農牧事業(yè)發(fā)展中心提出,由巴彥淖爾市農牧局歸口,由巴彥淖爾市現代農牧事業(yè)發(fā)展中心、內蒙古農業(yè)大學(xué)機電工程學(xué)院起草。規定了玉米品字型播種北斗導航機械化作業(yè)技術(shù)的術(shù)語(yǔ)和定義、作業(yè)前準備、操作要求、作業(yè)質(zhì)量、安全注意事項和機具保養與存放。適用于玉米北斗導航品字型播種機操作。
 
  作業(yè)前準備——
 
  選地:選擇土地平整,要求耕作層上虛下實(shí),肥力中等壤土,灌排條件便利的地塊。
 
  整地施肥:結合秋翻壓腐熟有機肥2500 kg/667 m2~3000 kg/667 m2,三年深松一次(35 cm以上),秋翻后及時(shí)平整土地,修筑田埂澆好秋水。黃灌區要做好封凍前耙耱保墑,凍融交錯時(shí)期磙、耙等整地待播。井灌區收割后,留茬待整,第二年春天播種前10日整地待播。整地是對表層土壤進(jìn)行松碎、平整及鎮壓的作業(yè),要求上虛下實(shí),整地后達到地表平整,耕層細碎的狀態(tài)。肥料使用應符合NY/T 496規定。
 
  品種選擇:選擇已審定的并且適合巴彥淖爾地區種植的玉米品種。種子質(zhì)量應符合GB 4404.1規定。
 
  播期:在4月20日至28日期間,一般當耕層10 cm地溫穩定在10 ℃以上時(shí)播種,烏拉特中旗、烏拉特前旗沿山地區最遲不能超過(guò)5月5日。
 
  操作要求——
 
  播種方式采用玉米品字型播種。
 
  株行距為:?jiǎn)卧昃?0 cm,一穴雙株,單元4株,株距19.5 cm~26.4 cm,大行寬80 cm,
 
  小行寬40cm,實(shí)行大小行種植。
 
  播種機安裝、調試完畢后,再檢查一遍緊固螺栓、螺母有無(wú)松動(dòng)現象,與配套拖拉機聯(lián)接部分是否安全可靠,一切正常后,方可進(jìn)行試播種。
 
  播種機調整準備完畢后,應進(jìn)行試播,然后檢查排種的行、株距,排種重播率,種子埋入深度及施肥狀況等,一切正常后方可投入播種作業(yè),否則應進(jìn)行重新調整。
 
  播種作業(yè)時(shí),遇有轉彎、調頭及在路面行走時(shí),應將播種機緩慢提升到離地面一定高度,防止工作部件與地面碰撞,工作時(shí)緩慢放下,不準許撞擊,以免損壞機件。每班作業(yè)前應檢查排種器,隨時(shí)清除種盤(pán)上吸孔被種子或雜物堵塞現象,班后應檢查刮種器固定位置是否牢固。
 
  播種作業(yè)中途不準許隨意停車(chē),如中途發(fā)生故障停車(chē),排除故障重新開(kāi)始作業(yè)時(shí),要提起播種機,后退3m進(jìn)行補種。地頭漏播處進(jìn)行人工補種。
 
  作業(yè)質(zhì)量:應符合NY/T 1628 的規定。
 
  安全注意事項——
 
  播種機升起時(shí),不準許在下邊調整,以免發(fā)生危險。田間作業(yè)時(shí),起落機具不準許在附近站人,在長(cháng)距離行進(jìn)時(shí),應插上銷(xiāo)釘、開(kāi)口銷(xiāo),防止傷人或損壞機具。
 
  機務(wù)人員應遵守機務(wù)安全操作規程,認真閱讀使用說(shuō)明書(shū),熟悉機具性能、構造及調整和保養方法后,方能操作。
 
  機具保養與存放——
 
  機具應按使用說(shuō)明書(shū)要求進(jìn)行維護保養。每次工作完畢,應清理機具上的黏土和雜物,檢查易損件磨損情況,及時(shí)修理更換。
 
  機具應貯存在具有防曬、防雨雪、防銹措施的通風(fēng)、干燥場(chǎng)所。
 
  注:本文由農機網(wǎng)(www.epigene.com.cn)整理發(fā)布,資料來(lái)源:地方標準信息公共服務(wù)平臺。
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